While we often hear about people developing traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) after they’re involved in a car crash or being tackled while playing a contact sport, the sad news is these aren’t the only types of incidents that can cause this. How much damage any individual is left with in the long term also is contingent upon how severe of an injury they suffer.
A traumatic brain injury can occur anytime an individual suffers a jolt or blow to the head or has their brain tissue penetrated by a piece of their skull, a knife or a bullet. What this means is that domestic violence victims who are struck have just as much of a chance of developing a TBI as does someone who is shot in the head. This type of injury can also occur if an individual is too close to an explosion or if they fall from a ladder or bed.
Mild TBI sufferers will typically experience temporary physical symptoms such as a loss of consciousness, nausea, speech impairments, headaches, prolonged sleep or fatigue and dizziness. Cognitive symptoms that they may experience include concentration, mood or memory problems, anxiety and depression. Mild TBI patients may develop a sensitivity to sound or light as well.
Individuals with moderate to severe TBIs often experience some aforementioned symptoms but on a more chronic basis. Their pupils may become larger, they may begin having seizures, have a loss of coordination or weakness in the limbs. They may also become increasingly agitated, profoundly confused, have slurred speech and even fall into a coma.
Children who suffer TBIs may display some same symptoms adults do. They may also seem unusually irritable, experience changes in their sleep habits, easily lose interest in their toys, change how they nurse or eat or become increasingly inconsolable and inattentive.
Doctors are rarely able to diagnose a patient with a TBI the first time that they evaluate them. Instead, it may take weeks or months until their symptoms have fully manifested themselves for them to do so.
Patients should seek out medical care as their condition may be far worse than what doctors originally thought. You may also want to consult with a Knoxville personal injury attorney who has a long history of advocating for the rights of those who are hurt.